The need for cyber education in our daily activities is growing because the threats we face from being connected online are increasing daily. It will be foolhardy to think you can avoid cyber threats by just being offline when our daily lives have become more dependent on technology and connecting online for personal and professional reasons. This article will discuss the importance of cybersecurity and educate you on how to get it to protect your networks, devices, and data from unauthorized access and theft.
We need to be very clear on exactly what cybersecurity and cyber threats are. Read on.
What Is Cybersecurity?
Cybersecurity, also called information technology security, is the system of processes and technologies designed to protect data, networks, programs, and devices from malicious attack and unauthorized access.
Types Of Cyber Security Threats
Some of the most common types of cyber threats that you will likely face when you are online are listed below:
– Malware: Malicious software is activated when a user clicks on a corrupted link or attachment, leading to the installation of dangerous software like spyware or viruses.
– Emotet: One of the most destructive malware, described as an advanced banking trojan that functions as a downloader.
– Phishing: The goal here is to use fake communication such as an email to steal sensitive details such as credit card details.
– SQL Injections: A Structured Query Language injection is inserting malicious codes into a server that uses SQL, and this results in the server releasing information to a particular channel.
– Password Attacks: This is the only type of cyber threat that heavily relies on human interaction. It involves tricking people into breaking cybersecurity protocol, accessing a password database, or informed guessing.
Why Is Cybersecurity Important?
We are presently living in a digital age, making it nearly impossible to live our daily lives without computers and the internet. Whether as an individual or an organization, your software should pass these 12 requirements as we rely on the internet to carry out our routine activities while completing tasks.
– As an individual:
Cybersecurity will protect you from malicious individuals, software, applications, and attachments that seek to steal your data through identity theft and harm you financially.
– As an organization:
According to former Cisco CEO John Chambers, "There are two types of companies: those that have been hacked, and those who don't yet know they have been hacked." Simply put, if an organization is not actively trying to protect itself against cyber threats, then it is already suffering damage and is simply ignorant of it.
The bigger the organization, the greater the cyber threat they face because there is a huge pool of data of extreme importance to the company and society at large. This information may include clients' and customers' confidential data.
How To Get Cybersecurity
Even the most basic things can ensure that you have cybersecurity for your organization. Here are a few things you can do to make sure you and your organization are up to par with securing your cyberspace.
1. Data Control: Frequently regularly who has access to what data. Make sure everyone has individual login details, including employees, collaborators, and third-party consultants. This will make it easier to track any attack if a breach occurs and also restrict the information and data to only what is necessary to each individual.
2. Password Security: Passwords should be set up with a multi-factor authentication system. Make sure all computers have a password system that gets enabled within a few minutes of inactivity.
3. Security Checks For Your IT Environment: Carry out frequent routine checks to ensure that your IT environment is updated with the latest technology and that there are no breaches in your cybersecurity system. This can be done through an audit of your IT environment through professional consultants. Most IT experts will advise that your IT systems are only accessible through a dedicated IP address so that when there is a breach, it will easily be identified.
4. Cybersecurity Investments: Cybersecurity is not cheap. To get the best for your organization, it is important to invest at least 5% of your annual budget in securing your IT environment.
Cyber threats are continuously evolving, so companies and individuals need to improve cybersecurity to protect information stored online from theft and malicious attacks by cybercriminals and hackers. While corporations invest huge amounts of money in cybersecurity, individuals can invest a little in anti-virus and other safety software that can regularly scan devices and networks and identify security breaches and malicious applications and attachments that we come across while surfing the internet.